Guava (Psidium guajava)
PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL DATA AND APPLICATIONS
Guava oil has very nourishing and soothing properties. It is an excellent source of beta-carotene, polyphenols, and vitamins A, K and the B complex, copper, zinc, selenium and phosphorus as well as having a high concentration of linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid. Guava oil stands out containing large amounts of lycopene, a powerful antioxidant known for its protective action against cell-damaging free radicals. It´s applied as an active beneficial ingredient in topical skin care formulations to protect skin cells from premature aging and damage caused by UV rays and environmental pollution. Studies have shown that guava oil has a good antimicrobial activity and because of its astringent properties it develops stable anti-acne preparations. Also its widely used as an active ingredient in many topical formulations for skin care.
It is consumed fresh or made into a sweet called “goiabada”. Guava is considered one of the super fruit due to its high content of Vitamin C, exceeding the content in citrus juices. Therefore, it is used as an additive to other juices and purees, strengthening them into vitamin C.
The guava tree originates from Mexico or Central America, is a tropical fruit and cultivated in many parts of Brazil.