Mulateiro (Calycophyllum spruceanum)
PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL DATA AND APPLICATIONS
Mulateiro bark contains a high amount of tannin chemicals which give it an astringent effect. Recently the plant has been documented to contain a high content of phenols and organic acids which have demonstrated antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal activity. The isolated phenols have demonstrated strong antioxidant activity, which may explain its traditional use to stop the aging process of the skin.
Another single substance called acetylenic acid (a long chain organic acid), proved to be a first antibiotic to be tested against bacteria and fungi.
Mulateiro rejuvenates facial skin by combating wrinkles, eliminates expression lines caused by age. Reduces and brightens dark spots, which dermatologists call hyperpigmentation.
In hair care it is used ion shampoo to fight hair loss, strengthens and repairs brittle hair, restores the natural softness and brightness and strengthen the scalp.
Known among forest communities as the “tree of youth” because of the constant renewal of its bark. Traditionally a decoction is made from the bark and applied to rejuvenate the skin, leaving it softer, beautiful and moisturized. Made a poultice from the bark it is applied topically in treating cuts, wounds and burns and believed to have antifungal and wound-healing qualities.
Mulateiro is a multi-purpose canopy tree in the Amazon. It grows tall and straight up to a height of about 30 meters, and has been long used as a source of good, high density lumber. Mulateiro is noted for its ability to completely shed and regenerate its bark on a yearly basis, turning the harvest of the bark totally renewable and sustainable.